eckhardt et al ., 2018 ). H e a l t h M e d i c a l

eckhardt et al ., 2018 ). H e a l t h M e d i c a l

Answer 5 questions. Min 150 words each w one reference each. Questions 3-5 are replies to someone and need to be 150 min each and a ref each. Thank

1. Define the concept of globalization of health care and provide an analysis of the benefits and challenges of such an international system. Research current literature on the effectiveness of current efforts, governmental as well as nongovernmental, including major challenges being faced. Do you feel that an effective global health care system is realistic?

2. What are the impacts of immigration on health care access and delivery? Describe the financial incentives and quality of care considerations. Some would say that the United States provides health care services to needy populations outside of the country while many of its own citizens lack needed health care services. What are your feelings on this issue?

3. Globalization is referred to as he transnational circulation of goods, information, technology, people and money across the globe and it has turned out to be one of the most powerful driving forces of the contemporary and future history. Globalization has a direct impact in health care, which is to have a universal health care system that caters for the rapidly changing health demands of the society, which are complicated by introduction of advanced technology and the emergence of new health conditions (Mittelman, 2012). In this regard, globalization of health care refers to the sharing of information and ideas that aligns with health care across the globe facilitated by technological advancement and communication.

According to Chen and Wilson (2013) globalization of health care is a multi-billion-dollar phenomenon that is linked to ethical, cultural, economic, health and legal consequences. The benefits of globalization of health care include access to quality health ideas that are shared across the globe, which implies that dealing with health conditions will be easier owing to vast volume of ideas. The other benefit of globalization of health care is the reassurance that no matter where one is located in the world, they will be in a position to access quality health care services. The challenges however associated with globalization of health care is that health resources and technologies are still a major challenge for many countries especially those in the developing world.

Diversity is the other challenge that can negatively impact on globalization of health care as some cultures do not agree with how other cultures handle their health issues. Despite the challenges of globalization of health care, I feel that an effective global health care system is unrealistic and this has been illustrated by the way that the society has handled the Covid-19 global pandemic, in which countries resolved to handle the pandemic on their own despite efforts by the World Health Organization to ensure a unified control of the pandemic.

4. Immigration has increased pressure on health care as most of the immigrants do not have health insurance. The idea is that most immigrants move to the country with the intent of securing a well-paying job that will help them better their lives as well as those of their dependents. Unfortunately, this is not always the case as securing well-paying jobs requires the individuals to have the necessary knowledge, skills and experience, things that most of the immigrants lack. This therefore, means that they cannot afford health insurance, yet they do not have enough cash to pay for health care services out of the pocket, meaning that they cannot access health. Lack of legal documentation is the other issue that impacts access to health care by immigrants; the notion is that the immigrants fear being asked for the legal documentations and thus, they opt to treat their illnesses using alternative means.

On the same note, immigration has become a loop hole for the transmission of infectious diseases as is the case with the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. The financial incentives are paid to health care providers to motivate them to continue providing quality care services to their patients (Eckhardt et al., 2018). I agree with the statement that the United States provides health care services to needy populations outside of the country while many of its own citizens lack needed health care services, because a large population is still uninsured and cannot access quality health care yet, the countries is continuously funding third world countries to help them improve their health care systems.

5. In the United States, there are 22 million lawful and undocumented immigrants, 7% of the population in the United States, with 23% of the lawful and 45% undocumented being uninsured. Non-citizens accessing programs such as Medicaid and CHIPs are likely to be impacted by legislative changes in immigration policy that would consider using when determining access into the country or green card assignment. Some may view the financial burden relief as a positive, but the consequence shows that coverage is critical for access to healthcare and protection from the cost in promoting the wellness and development of children (Health Coverage, 2020).

Through the Affordable Healthcare Act, 7 million low and middle-income documented immigrants will be eligible for benefits after they have been in the United States for over 5 years. The act may hurt undocumented citizens that have coverage with the employers being required to report covered employees. State public health delivery systems are burdened by the financial responsibility when immigrants are deterred from applying for or having access to health insurance (Derose, 2017), the incentive being to allow access. The vulnerable immigrant population has been studied to show they receive inadequate care with a contribution to socioeconomic status, immigration, ability to speak English, and there is a display for marginalization. Immigrants are shown to have low rates of coverage, low rates of accessing services, and low quality of care (Immigration, 2019).

In the United States, some believe that providing healthcare outside of the country should not come before taking care of its own citizens. We live in a globalized world with a transnational exchange of people, money, services, goods, and ideas. There is no “pee” section in the pool, as many have come to familiarize themselves after living in a pandemic. When health and communicable disease is not addressed, the problems are bound to spill into our borders. I believe in Doctors without Borders and the fight against communicable disease. Vaccinations can irradicate so many tortures that Americans would never be able to comprehend because we have been raised in a nation where those struggles are not experienced close enough to appreciate

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